LYMPHANGIOMA - Lymphatic Malformation
This page has been updated. For current information, please see the following pages:
- Lymphatic Malformation
Cutaneous lymphangioma, lymphangioma
cavernous lymphangioma, cystic hygroma, abnormal lymph vessel, lymph
A lymphangioma is a benign tumor composed of newly formed lymph-containing vascular channels and spaces. They involve the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
There are three main types of lymphagiomas:
Lymphangioma circumscriptum - Also referred to as cutaneous this is a "kind" of birthmark generally occurring in clusters. They resemble small blisters and range in color from pink to dark red. They are benign and usually require no medical treatment. For cosmetic reasons, some patients may choose to have them surgically removed. Lymphangiomas Simplex is often included in this type.
Cavernous lymphangioma - This is an uncommon form generally arising during infancy. These are deep seated underneath the dermis and the external skin is not involved. Because they are deep seated, they form a bulging mass, painless mass.
Cystic Hygroma - These are soft lymph filled masses within a thin-walled "sac" generally appearing on the neck (75%), axilla (20%), or trunk or extremity (5%). They usually present a swollen bulges underneath the skin. While they generally present at birth, children up to three years old may experience them. There is also disagreement on whether this type is distinctly different enough from cavernous lymphangioma to be classified separately.
Confirmed through use of x-ray, ultra-sound, MRI, CT scan for cavernous and cystic hygromas. Lymphangioma circumscriptum may be diagnoses by observation and external evaluation.
There is no recognized or effective non-surgical treatment for the condition. Antibiotics may be prescribed to cellulitis infections.
The accepted therapy is total surgical removal, however incidence of
recurrence is high. However, if there has been infiltration of surrounding tissues treatments may include sclerosings agents, steroids, chemotherapy or even radiation. Also, even with removal, there is a high incidence of reoccurrence.
Cellulitis is the most common and most serious complication of all hygromas. With cavernous and cystic hygromas another life threatening complication may be the obstruction of breathing passages.
Old term for a mass of anomalous lymphatic vessels or channels that vary in size, are usually greatly dilated, and are lined with normal endothelial cells; lymphoid tissue is usually present in the peripheral portions of the lesions, which are present at birth, or shortly thereafter, and probably represent maldevelopment of lymphatic vessels (rather than true neoplasms); they occur most frequently in the neck and axilla, but may also develop in the arm, mesentery, retroperitoneum, and other sites. Etymology: lymphangio- + G. [-oma,] tumor (Stedman's Medical Dictionary)
Information about Dr. Chikly's book:
In his definitive text, "Silent Waves: Theory and Practice of LymphDrainage
Therapy," Dr. Chikly addresses the applications for lymphedema, chronic pain
and inflammation. "Silent Waves" is carried by Stanford University Medical
Library and is the first comprehensive book on the lymphatic system and
lymphedema in North America. (ISBN: 0-9700530-5-3, Hardcover).
Author: Geover Fernandez, MD, Staff Physician, Department of Dermatology, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School
Cystic Hygroma Support Group
Emory Univrtsity School of Health
...........Cystic Hygroma Imaging
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Lymphedema People - Support Groups
The time has come for families, parents, caregivers to have a support group of their own. Support group for parents, families and caregivers of chilren with lymphedema. Sharing information on coping, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Sponsored by Lymphedema People.
No matter how you spell it, this is another very little understood and totally frustrating conditions out there. This will be a support group for those suffering with lipedema/lipodema. A place for information, sharing experiences, exploring treatment options and coping.
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the sufferer of lymphedema.
Support group for parents, patients, children who suffer from all forms of lymphangiectasia. This condition is caused by dilation of the lymphatics. It can affect the intestinal tract, lungs and other critical body areas.
Disorders Support Group @ Yahoo Groups
While we have a number of support groups for lymphedema... there is nothing out there for other lymphatic disorders. Because we have one of the most comprehensive information sites on all lymphatic disorders, I thought perhaps, it is time that one be offered.
Information and support for rare and unusual disorders affecting the lymph system. Includes lymphangiomas, lymphatic malformations, telangiectasia, hennekam's syndrome, distichiasis, Figueroa
syndrome, ptosis syndrome, plus many more. Extensive database of information available through sister site Lymphedema People.
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Page Updated: Jan. 8, 2012