c-myc and Cutaneous Vascular Neoplasms.

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c-myc and Cutaneous Vascular Neoplasms.

Postby patoco » Sat Dec 15, 2012 11:39 am

c-myc and Cutaneous Vascular Neoplasms.

Dec 2012

K Feller J, Mahalingam M.


Dermatopathology Section, Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.


ABSTRACT: The c-myc proto-oncogene is involved in various cellular processes including cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. Overexpression and deregulated expression of the gene have been previously linked to several lineage-unrelated, aggressive, and poorly differentiated tumors. The expression of c-myc has also been implicated in hematopoiesis and has been shown to play a crucial role in angiogenesis via a vascular endothelial growth factor-dependent mechanism. This gives c-myc a dual oncogenic function in that tumor growth requires both cell proliferation and angiogenesis to ensure survival and confer an effective malignancy. Amplification of c-myc has been recently reported to be a recurrent genetic alteration in angiosarcomas secondary to irradiation and/or chronic lymphedema. Of note, however, no c-myc gene abnormalities have been demonstrated in cases of primary angiosarcomas or postradiation atypical vascular lesions. More recently, our own experience indicates that c-myc amplification is not normally found in the Kaposi sarcoma and cannot be correlated with expression of the c-Myc protein. This comprehensive review outlines the structure, normal functions, and effects of the deregulated expression of c-myc with particular emphasis on its role in angiogenesis and select cutaneous vascular neoplasms.

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